A wooden table with a bowl of makhana (fox nuts) and a diagram showing the glycemic index of various foods.

What is the Glycemic Index of Makhana (Fox Nuts)?


Makhana, also known as Fox Nuts, is a highly nutritious and versatile snack that has gained popularity in recent years due to its numerous health benefits. These light and crunchy seeds are actually the popped seeds of the prickly water lily plant, making them a unique and healthy snack option. Makhana has a glycemic index (GI) of under 55, which is lower than other carb foods like bread and rice

Rich in essential nutrients, makhana is a powerhouse of calcium, iron, protein, and antioxidants. This makes it not only a delicious snack but also a valuable addition to a balanced diet. The low glycemic index of makhana makes it a favorable choice for those looking to manage their blood sugar levels effectively.

The pops are not only delicious but also versatile, as they can be enjoyed roasted, fried, or even added to various recipes like curries, desserts, or salads. As awareness about health and well-being increases, makhana has emerged as a popular choice among health-conscious individuals looking for nutritious snack options.

Understanding Glycemic Index

  • The glycemic index (GI) is a scale that ranks carbohydrates based on how they affect blood sugar levels. Foods are assigned a GI value between 0 and 100, with glucose being the reference point at 100.

  • The GI indicates how quickly a certain food item raises blood glucose levels compared to pure glucose. Foods with a high GI (above 70) cause a rapid spike in blood sugar, while those with a low GI (below 55) lead to a slower, more gradual increase.

  • Understanding the glycemic index is crucial for managing blood sugar levels, especially for individuals with diabetes. By choosing foods with a lower GI, you can help prevent sudden spikes in blood sugar and maintain more stable levels throughout the day.

  • To measure the GI of a food, researchers conduct tests on a group of people, monitoring their blood sugar response after eating a measured amount of the food. The resulting data helps determine where the food falls on the glycemic index scale.

Glycemic Index of Makhana

Makhana has a glycemic index (GI) of under 55, which is lower than other carb foods like bread and rice. Makhana is primarily composed of complex carbohydrates, which are digested and absorbed slowly by the body, resulting in a gradual rise in blood sugar levels. As a result, makhana is considered to have a low to moderate glycemic index.

While specific glycemic index values for makhana may vary slightly depending on factors such as processing methods and cooking techniques, it is generally regarded as a low-GI food

Nutritional Profile of Makhana

Nutritional content of 100 grams of makhana (fox nuts):






9.7 g


0.1 g


76.9 g


14.5 g


60 mg


1.4 mg

Benefits of Consuming Makhana for Blood Sugar Management

  1. High in Fiber: Makhana is a good source of dietary fiber, which aids in slowing down the absorption of glucose in the bloodstream. This helps in preventing rapid fluctuations in blood sugar levels and promotes better glycemic control.

  2. Rich in Protein: Makhana contains a significant amount of protein, which contributes to satiety and helps in regulating blood sugar levels by stabilizing insulin secretion.

  3. Low in Fat: Makhana is low in saturated fats and cholesterol, making it a healthy snack option for individuals with diabetes or those concerned about heart health.

  4. Nutrient-Rich: Makhana is rich in various nutrients such as magnesium, potassium, phosphorus, and vitamins like B-complex vitamins. These nutrients play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and supporting optimal blood sugar management.

  5. Gluten-Free: Makhana is naturally gluten-free, making it suitable for individuals with gluten sensitivities or celiac disease. It serves as a safe and nutritious snack option for those following a gluten-free diet to manage their blood sugar levels.


Understanding the glycemic index of makhana is crucial for individuals aiming to manage blood sugar levels effectively. Makhana, with its low glycemic index, has the potential to be a beneficial addition to the diets of those with diabetes or individuals looking to maintain stable blood sugar levels.

By incorporating makhana into meals, individuals can enjoy a nutritious snack that does not lead to rapid spikes in blood sugar levels. This can aid in preventing sudden blood sugar crashes and help in maintaining sustained energy throughout the day.

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