A variety of flatbreads, including roti, are arranged on a table with various ingredients.

What is the glycemic index of roti?

The glycemic index (GI) ranks carbohydrate-containing foods based on their impact on blood glucose levels. It helps us make informed diet choices. Foods with a low GI are healthier, leading to stable blood sugar levels. Whole wheat roti has a lower GI than those made from refined flour, promoting sustained energy release. Including low GI foods like whole wheat roti in our diet can help manage blood sugar levels and prevent chronic diseases like diabetes. Understanding roti's glycemic index empowers us to make healthier food choices for long-term health goals.

What is Roti?

Roti, a common Indian flatbread, is a nutritious and adaptable dish made from whole wheat flour, water, and sometimes salt. It provides carbs and fiber for gut health. Roti is a good option for controlling blood sugar due to its medium glycemic index. Its health benefits and cultural significance make it a great choice to include in a balanced diet.

Glycemic Index of Roti

Roti has a glycemic index of 62, which affects blood sugar levels. This is important for controlling diabetes and eating a well-rounded diet. Whole wheat roti has a lower glycemic index because it has more fiber. Eating roti with protein or fiber-rich foods can help keep your blood sugar stable. Eating roti in moderation with healthy foods can help you stay healthy.

Ideal Timing to Consume Chapati for Better Blood Sugar Management

When it comes to managing diabetes, timing plays a crucial role in maintaining stable blood sugar levels. Consuming chapati, a common staple in many households, needs to be timed strategically to prevent spikes in blood glucose. Here are the best times to consume chapati for individuals with diabetes:

  1. Morning: Opt for whole wheat chapati in the morning to kickstart your day with a healthy meal that contains complex carbohydrates. This can provide sustained energy throughout the day and prevent abrupt blood sugar fluctuations.

  2. Lunch: Enjoy chapati as part of your balanced lunch, paired with a source of lean protein and fiber-rich vegetables. Consuming chapati in the afternoon can help you maintain a steady blood sugar level and prevent the post-meal slump.

  3. Evening Snack: If hunger strikes between lunch and dinner, consider having a chapati with a protein-rich filling like paneer or lentils. This can help you stay satiated and prevent overeating during dinner.

  4. Dinner: For dinner, it's advisable to consume chapati in moderation to avoid a sudden rise in blood sugar before bedtime. Pair it with vegetables and lean proteins for a well-rounded meal.

By being mindful of when you consume chapati and pairing it with other nutritious foods, you can effectively manage your blood sugar levels and support your overall health as a diabetic individual.

Nutritional Profile


100 gm of chapati




72 gm


13.2 gm


10.7 gm


2.5 gm


0.4 gm



Factors Affecting Glycemic Index of Roti

  1. Choice of Ingredients
    The type of flour used in making roti significantly influences its glycemic index. Whole wheat flour, rich in fiber, protein, and nutrients, typically has a lower glycemic index compared to refined flour. Opting for whole wheat or multigrain roti can help in better blood sugar management.

  2. Preparation Methods
    The method of cooking roti can impact its glycemic index. Roti cooked at higher temperatures for a shorter duration tends to have a lower glycemic index than those cooked slowly at lower temperatures. Adding ingredients like seeds, oats, or flaxseed to the dough can further decrease the glycemic index.

  3. Portion Sizes
    Controlling portion sizes is crucial in managing the glycemic response to roti consumption. Eating smaller portions of roti along with protein-rich foods and vegetables can help in balancing blood sugar levels, preventing sudden spikes.

By considering these factors and making mindful choices in ingredient selection, preparation methods, and portion control, individuals can enjoy the nutritional benefits of roti while effectively managing their glycemic response.

To conclude:

Understanding the glycemic index of roti is essential for managing blood sugar levels. Choosing roti with a lower glycemic index can help control blood sugar and provide sustained energy. Whole wheat roti generally has a lower glycemic index than refined flour roti. Including low glycemic index roti in your diet can reduce blood sugar spikes and enhance insulin sensitivity, especially for individuals with diabetes. Pairing roti with protein, vegetables, or healthy fats can improve blood sugar levels and aid in weight management. Being mindful of roti's glycemic index can have a positive impact on your health in the long term.

Only Low Glycemic Index isn’t usually enough to be Diabetic Friendly. Sugar Care Atta is the only Flour in India that has been Clinically tested on Diabetics and Pre-Diabetics to show 55% Lower Sugar Spikes compared to regular Flours. This makes it effective for blood sugar management. The taste and texture is also similar to regular Rotis and Chapatis made at home. 


  1. What is the glycemic index of roti?

    The glycemic index of roti can vary depending on the type of flour used and how it is prepared. Generally, whole wheat roti has a lower glycemic index compared to white flour roti.

  2. Is roti a high or low glycemic food?

    Roti is considered a low to moderate glycemic food, especially when made with whole wheat flour. It is a better choice for managing blood sugar levels compared to bread made with refined flour.

  3. How does the glycemic index of roti impact blood sugar levels?

    Foods with a lower glycemic index, like whole wheat roti, are digested more slowly, leading to a gradual rise in blood sugar levels. This can help in keeping blood sugar levels stable and reducing the risk of spikes.

  4. Can roti be part of a diabetic-friendly diet?

    Yes, roti made with whole wheat flour can be included in a diabetic-friendly diet due to its lower glycemic index. It provides a good source of carbohydrates and fiber, which can aid in better blood sugar control.

  5. Are there ways to lower the glycemic index of roti?

    To lower the glycemic index of roti, you can opt for flour alternatives like almond flour or coconut flour, which have lower carbohydrate content. Adding fiber-rich ingredients like flaxseeds or chia seeds to the dough can also help reduce the glycemic impact.

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